Dr. Harilaos Louis & Athenian Xmases of the 1930s

Diana Farr Louis

Eating Well Is The Best Revenge

By Diana Farr Louis

The iconic Greek family at their dinner table.

The iconic Greek family at their dinner table.

Author’s Note: “When I was young, growing up on Long Island, my father used to bring home The New York World-Telegram and Sun when he came back from his Wall Street office in the evening. Every Christmas season, I looked forward to rereading their holiday column, Is There a Santa Claus?, a tradition begun in 1897. And now, thanks to Weekly Hubris, I like reading my husband’s Christmas reminiscences over and over again. I hope you do, too.”

Dr. Harilaos Louis and Diana Farr Louis.

Diana Farr LouisATHENS Greece—(Weekly Hubris)—1 December  2022—Crises bring up memories of other crises, and this country has had more than its share in the past hundred years: world wars, Balkan wars, a civil war, dictatorships, and financial upheavals. But there have also been times of relative calm and prosperity, so let’s look back to the kinder, gentler Greece of the 1930s for a dose of Christmas cheer.

These are the reminiscences of my husband Harilaos, known to some of you as “Joy of the People,” a rough translation of his name. As a very youthful octogenarian, he does not live in the past, but I compel him to tell his stories over and over. So, in his own words . . .

Christmas Preparations

“Before the war—I mean World War Two—schools operated on a fixed schedule quite different from today’s. They began the year on October 1st and ended on the 25th of June. There were no strikes, no sit-ins, no holidays, and we didn’t even get Saturdays off. The Christmas vacation did not start until noon on December 24th, and we were sent away with homework so that we would not become lazy. When school opened again on January 7th, we would have to present our notebooks. We also had to read a book by a modern Greek author and write down our thoughts on his plot and style.

“My habit was to do the whole 15 days’ work as soon as I got home so I’d have the rest of the holiday free for seeing friends, going to the movies, and a few parties. I’d shut myself up in my room on Christmas Eve and try to do all the work in one day, two at the most.

“But I never reckoned on the head of the household. Who happened to be my father. His name was Christos. Christmas was his name-day and he took that event very seriously. [In Greece name-days are major social events, much more important than birthdays. People used to open up their houses and prepare banquets for all their friends. And, up until the past few decades, New Year’s was the day for exchanging presents, brought by Ai Vassilis (St Basil, not Santa Claus or St. Nick).]

“Just as I was getting settled, my father would pull me out of my chair to take me Christmas shopping. Not for presents, but for food. Because the next day the house would be full from morning to evening with dozens of friends, relatives, and acquaintances come to wish him Chronia Polla!—the standard Greek greeting of “Many Years!”—used on any and all occasions. That naturally meant mezedes, oceans of wine, and kitchen preparations. The evening was reserved for a big sit-down dinner for his business colleagues.

“Wine in our house was a sacred ritual. In the basement, there were three or four—I can’t remember exactly how many—enormous barrels which, every September, were filled with grape must brought from The Mesogeia (where the airport now reigns); first by horse-drawn cart and, by 1935, in an open truck. From then on, my brother Alekos was in charge. He was studying chemistry at Athens University and it was his responsibility to make sure the wine was good. I remember his agony every October 26th, St. Demetrios’s day when traditionally the spigot was inserted and the wine tasted for quality.

“The beginning was always dubious, the first weeks fraught with anxiety because the wine always appeared a bit cloudy. By Christmas, though, things had improved and the crystal-clear wine was invariably pronounced the best ever.

“Here again, my father had another peculiarity. The wine always had to be served one pitcher or bottle at a time. He maintained it would spoil, even though he and his friends would empty them almost as fast as they were served. How the wine could have spoiled in half an hour I never discovered. But I was the one dispatched to the cellar to fill the bottle and, when that was finished, to go fill another. And so forth . . . .

“But, back to the Christmas Eve shopping expedition. Our first stop was the so-called German baker’s on Voulis Street, for bread and rolls. After loading me up with a cloth bagful—plastic hadn’t been invented, yet—my father and I walked over to the Central Market on Athinas Street for vegetables, fruit, and meat.

Lambs hanging in the Athens Central Market; the scene cannot have changed much in the last seven decades. It’s still noisy, gory, chaotic, and exciting.

Lambs hanging in the Athens Central Market; the scene cannot have changed much in the last seven decades. It’s still noisy, gory, chaotic, and exciting.

“Here, things became problematic, because the amounts were so large. But there was a solution, a porter—in the absence of delivery vans—who would carry everything back to the house. These men wore big wicker baskets on their backs, attached by thick straps.

“My father would lead the way, choosing okades—the oka was a Turkish measure a bit larger than the kilo—of vegetables and salad greens, tangerines, oranges, apples, and pears for the porter’s basket. To them, he would add a whole lamb, an enormous turkey, and a piglet. I would bring up the rear with my bag of breads. And, when the shopping was finished, the procession would walk the few blocks home.

“My father gave the porter an extra tip and, if I remember well, settled him in the kitchen for a quick meze and a glass or two of wine in honor of the occasion.

“This was the start of a three-day celebration. On Christmas Eve, we usually sat down to a vast sinagrida (an excellent fish of the bream family) from Salamis. Christmas lunch was a family affair, with my grandmother, parents, my oldest brother and his wife, Alekos, and me. At the same time, all morning, dozens of friends and relatives had dropped in to wish my father “Chronia Polla!” and they’d be greeted with bowls of red caviar, thick slices of avgotaraho, endless platters of more ordinary mezedes such as tiny wrapped vine leaves, keftedes, bite-sized spinach pies . . . and endless bottles of wine.

The Central Market fish section is even more alluring than the meats, belying the doomsday predictions that Mediterranean catches are alarmingly low.

The Central Market fish section is even more alluring than the meats, belying the doomsday predictions that Mediterranean catches are alarmingly low.

“After lunch, the older family members retired for a nap and to recover and I, who was too young to drink, went off to the movies with friends. In those days, there were eight cinemas to choose from; only one was off limits because of its shady reputation.

“Along with all the special festivities at home, there was another invisible group backstage. Some of these kept the show going—the cook and the maid—plus the cook’s husband, who lived with us. Then there was a trio of poor women, who just happened to pass by every day around lunch time. They naturally were fed as a matter of course. Added to them were a dispossessed woman from Constantinople who supposedly taught me English, and a charming, impoverished Greek aristocrat (whom we called Bibikos) from Marseille who taught me French. In other words, six extra plates on the table were routine.

“It was a sign of the times that all of us considered this practice absolutely normal and we viewed it as our unquestionable duty to help less fortunate individuals to survive. We were something like a Municipal Soup Kitchen during the holidays. The difference was that, in our case, it lasted all year long. Little did we suspect that in just a few years we would ourselves be sitting round the table with a meager portion of greens and 30 drams (one slice) of cornbread to nibble on.

“Christmas night, the curtain went up again, this time for my father’s business associates. They used to come for the festive table which, after dinner, was cleared for a game of baccarat. This would go on until 2 or 3 in the morning, and most often it was my father who emerged the loser.

“These unrepeatable Christmases of my youth were brought to an end by the War and the Occupation. After liberation in 1944, our former customs slowly began to revive, but they never regained the spirit or lavishness of the old days. Christmas remained a warm family gathering around the table as gradually all of us married and had children. To the point that, in the 50s, when my father cut the New Year’s Cake (which, like the British Christmas pudding, traditionally has a coin for good luck embedded in it,) he had to cut 15 slices instead of the former seven. This was the high point of the meal as we waited to see who would get the coin. Everyone accused my mother of deliberately manipulating the cake to make sure a child won it.

“That too was a time of pure enjoyment and happiness, though of a different sort.”


Cretan Raisin Cake.

Cretan Raisin Cake.

Cretan Raisin Cake

This recipe is one of my favorites from my book, Feasting and Fasting in Crete. It was given to me by a woman in Siteia, the raisin capital of the island, who was lucky enough to use her own raisins when she cooks. The cake has a toffee-like crunchiness on the outside, while the inside reminds me of old-fashioned wedding cake though moister and even more succulent. Even though this cake was invented for brightening up fasting periods and contains no eggs or milk and uses extra virgin olive oil rather than butter for shortening, I always make it at Christmas. It is so good that I sometimes bake two or three extra to give to friends as presents.

300 grams (2 Cups) golden raisins
60 ml (1/4 Cup) raki or brandy
about 420 grams (3 Cups) all purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
240 ml (1 Cup) olive oil
200 grams (1 Cup) sugar
120 ml (1/2 Cup) fresh orange juice
1 tablespoon baking soda, dissolved in the orange juice
grated peel of one orange
120 ml (1/2 Cup) soda water
150 grams (1 Cup) chopped walnuts (optional)

Preheat the oven to 190ºC (375ºF).

Soak the raisins in the brandy for about 10 minutes and then chop them in the
food processor.

Sift the flour and spices together into a bowl. In a separate, larger bowl, using an electric mixer if you have one, beat together the olive oil and sugar until creamy and slowly add the orange juice along with the grated peel, soda water, brandy-soaked raisins and chopped walnuts. Stir in the flour, a little at
a time, until you have a thick batter.

Slide it into a lightly oiled springform cake pan (24 cm—9.5 inches—in diameter) and bake for about 1 hour. 10 thick slices.

To order the paperback book, click on the book cover below:

111 Places in Athens That You Shouldn't Miss

Diana Farr Louis was born in the Big Apple but has lived in the Big Olive (Athens, Greece) far longer than she ever lived in the US. She was a member of the first Radcliffe class to receive a degree (in English) from Harvard . . . and went to Greece right after graduation, where she lost her heart to the people and the landscape. She spent the next year in Paris, where she learned to eat and cook at Cordon Bleu and earned her first $15. for writing—a travel piece for The International Herald Tribune. Ever since, travel and food have been among her favorite occupations and preoccupations. She moved to Greece in 1972, found just the right man, and has since contributed to almost every English-language publication in Athens, particularly The Athens News. That ten-year collaboration resulted in two books, Athens and Beyond, 30 Day Trips and Weekends, and Travels in Northern Greece. Wearing her food hat, by no means a toque, she has written for Greek Gourmet Traveler, The Art of Eating, Sabor, Kathimerini’s Greece Is, and such websites as Elizabeth Boleman-Herring’s A regular contributor to, she is the author of two cookbooks, Prospero’s Kitchen, Mediterranean Cooking of the Ionian Islands from Corfu to Kythera (with June Marinos), and Feasting and Fasting in Crete. Most recently she co-edited A Taste of Greece, a collection of recipes, memories, and photographs from well-known personalities united by their love of Greece, in aid of the anti-food waste charity, Boroume. Her latest book, co-authored with Alexia Amvrazi and Diane Shugart, is 111 Places in Athens that you shouldn’t miss. (See Louis’ Author Page for links to her her titles.) (Author Photos: Petros Ladas. Author Head Shot Augment: René Laanen.)


  • Daniel Dodson

    Like children pleading to hear the same bedtime story, long memorized – Yes READ IT TO US AGAIN! <3 THANKS. DD-30º-DD

  • Pat

    Ah – this article, along with A Child’s Christmas in Wales, will become a yearly reading. And my husband and I are so lucky that we can imagine Harilo’s voice as we visualise him speaking this – thank you, Diana. Xpronia Polla!